Kratom, also known as Mitragyna Speciosa, grows in the Philippines and Southeast Asian countries including Malaysia, Indonesia, and Thailand. It is in the same family tree as coffee (Rubiaceae) and when ingested, its alkaloids bond with the receptors in the body generating a combination of sedating and stimulating effects that vary depending on the strain and dosage.
The active ingredients of Kratom are 7-hydroxymitragynine (7-HMG) and mitragynine that possess various pharmacological benefits. It also contains phytochemical attributes such as triterpenoids, flavonoids, and secoiridoids compounds.
Read this kratom guide and you’ll have a better understanding of the plant and how to use it.
Kratom Strain Guide
Depending on the color of the vein and stem of the leaf, Kratom is generally divided into three strains—Red, White, and Green vein. Each color means a different chemical and alkaloids composition as well as a unique effect as discussed in this Kratom strain guide.
The Red Strain Kratom
It is the most available strain in the market and tends to be the strongest kratom. The leaves are often on the taller part of the tree and hence receive the most sunlight. They are usually dried longer than white or green strains, which gives the user a more sedating experience.
Red strain Kratom grows in Southeast Asia and is quite persistent than other Mitragyna Speciosa trees. That’s because the substances that give rise to the red coloring can also make the plant less susceptible to external factors. Therefore, it has the tenacity to thrive in just about any environment—it can grow both in dry arid environments and knee-deep water environs.
The White Strain Kratom
White strains are in the middle of the drying spectrum, the leaves are found in the middle of the Kratom tree- they receive some light but not as much as the red strains.
White vein Kratom is associated with a stimulating and energizing feeling, euphoria, and is a positive mood enhancer. Nonetheless, it is advisable not to take the white strain too late in the day since it may cause irritability and restless sleep just like caffeine.
To ease the irritability, some people tend to mix the white vein with the red strain to achieve a better balance in energy.
The Green Strain Kratom
Typically, green Kratom is the least dried and is at the bottom of the tree. It can be best termed as somewhere in between the white and red strains of Kratom.
Green kratom leaf can be a mild energy booster that lightens up the users. It has a similar uplifting effect of white veined Kratom but without the extreme edge feeling. Also, it prevents excessive sedative effects that strong dosage of red strain Kratom produces.
A blend: Yellow Kratom
Mixing the different veins create other combinations and different effects ranging from euphoric to sedative, and from mild to off the scale. One of the most common blends is the yellow Kratom that is usually a mix of either green and red or white and red vein strains.
To bring out more euphoric effects of the yellow Kratom, the mix is either dried longer or fermentation.
What Are The Health Benefits Of Kratom?
With over 40 compounds and more than 25 alkaloids, Kratom offers an extensive range of health benefits.
Kratom alkaloids have a similar pain-relieving effect as morphine without the risk of being addictive. They act on the opiate receptors in the nervous system by boosting the release of endorphins and enkephalins that numb the pain receptors in your body.
Therefore, Kratom can relieve pain for patients of conditions including chronic pain, osteomalacia, osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, rheumatoid arthritis, joint pain, and chronic backache.
The gastrointestinal tract is typically influenced by the parasympathetic nervous system. Kratom regulates this nervous system and slows down peristalsis and thus combats diarrhea and other stomach conditions.
Coupled with its anti-inflammatory action, Kratom is also an excellent remedy for individuals with inflammatory bowel diseases like ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease.
Kratom has antioxidant properties that can help protect against cancer. It has a similar effect as the body’s natural antioxidants, glutathione, and superoxide dismutase that help prevent the formation of free radicals.
The primary active alkaloid of Kratom, mitragynine, has been found to lower inflammation. It promotes healing and eases swelling and redness at the site of inflammation. Therefore, it is commonly used by patients with osteoporosis, rheumatoid arthritis, and osteoarthritis.
Help Overcome Addictions
While Kratom is not an opiate, it can activate the delta opiate and supraspinal mu receptors in the brain. That helps addicts overcome their dependency on both soft drugs like alcohol and hard drugs like heroin.
It elevates the recovering addicts’ mood with its anti-anxiety action and curbs the cravings for the drugs they are giving up without the risk of long-term dependency. It will also ease the symptoms of Opiate withdrawal including vomiting, sleeplessness, nausea, cramps and pain.
The mood enhancing and calming effect of Kratom is ideal for you if you are prone to binge eating or have a sugar addiction. It can regulate the satiety center in the hypothalamus of the brain. Thus, whether you are overweight or simply want to be more toned, Kratom can help lower your appetite and lose weight.
Eases Anxiety, Stress, and Depression
Since it releases serotonin and endorphins, Kratom is a psychostimulant that soothes nerves and enhances the overall mood. Its calming effects ease the tension that helps greatly with social anxiety.
It can also alleviate other symptoms of anxiety such as heart palpitations, insomnia, hyperventilation, sweating, and muscle cramps among others. This makes it idyllic for individuals suffering from chronic stress, mood swings, depression, panic attacks, PTSD, anxiety, and those with highly demanding jobs.
Combat Fatigue and Enhance Motivation
Kratom herb has been used for ages as a remedy for chronic fatigues. That’s because it promotes blood circulation and enhances the oxygen levels in the blood.
It boosts the metabolic processes, giving you a burst of energy that can last up to six hours. The activated opioid receptors generate the noradrenaline and adrenaline through sympathetic nerves to provide you with an “adrenaline rush” that spurs you into action.
More so, it induces the release of serotonin and dopamine, the two crucial components for boosting motivation.
More Focus on Your studies or Work
By activating Opiate receptors in the periphery and brain, the 7-hydroxy mitragynine alkaloids and mitragynine allows you to work or study for longer.
The release of acetylcholine calms down the ruminating mind, which contributes to a more intense focus than normal. Moreover, the feel-good chemicals (serotonin and dopamine) that Kratom releases will further enhance focus and attention span for the task at hand.
Kratom Dosage Guide
How to take Kratom?
Traditionally, people in the Southeast Asian consumed the herb by crushing the leaves and making it into tea, smoking, or chewing. Today, you can find it as a capsule, pill, or in powder form.
In the powder form, you can dissolve it in hot or warm water or blend it with herbal teas to make it more palatable. Some individuals find it quite bitter and prefer taking it with alcohol drinks or ingesting it with food, like mixing with yogurt, juice, or homemade cookies.
The Right Dosage
While it is a natural medicine, under no circumstance should you overdose with Kratom. It belongs to the same family tree as coffee, and in the same way, drinking too much caffeine isn’t good for you, taking a high dosage of Kratom isn’t either.
Taking too much can diminish the benefits of the strain or bring stomach issues, headaches, sinus problems, and allergic reactions.
For beginners, it is recommended that you start with 1 gram per day. Observe your body and carefully see how the body and mind react, then if you’d like, increase gradually to 3 grams per day. For those who may want to try the highest dosage, 5 grams should work.
The Kratom Potentiators
The herb works in tangent with several natural herbs and spices to benefit and keep you leading a wellness-minded life.
Potentiators can help make Kratom last longer than normal and give it that extra kick required. Some of the well-known potentiators include:
Grapefruit is a great potentiator as it has enzymes that can breakdown Kratom. That allows for more Kratom to stay in the body. You can mix the Kratom powder with a glass of grapefruit or take the pill together with the fruit itself.
The tea helps in enhancing the relaxation effects of Kratom. It is also commonly used to establish a lengthier experience of each dose.
Nonetheless, if you are taking white or green strains of Kratom that are used for energy, you may want to forego the chamomile since it is not compatible with the two strains.
This Indian spice is one of the biggest boosts in Kratom dose when used together. It does everything you need it to do in helping your powder last longer both while storage and in your body.
Everyday usage can cause your body to build up a tolerance level. Tolerance level means that you have to use more does of Kratom to realize the same effects on your body as when you first began using it.
The body becomes less sensitive to the herb and you end up using more and increasing your dosage. There are two major ways of keeping Kratom tolerance at bay:
Mix The Strains
One of the most common tolerances is the Stagnant Strain Syndrome (SSS) that occurs when you consistently use one type of strain meaning you are exposed to one particular strains combination of alkaloids.
To avoid the SSS effects, you should start switching and mixing the strains to achieve different combinations.
Keep a Schedule
To keep the tolerance level down, you need to avoid consuming it whenever you feel like it. Try setting a schedule for each day and stick to it. That can ensure that you don’t take more than normal dosage.
Learn which parts of the day that your body really needs the Kratom herb and make that part of your daily routine. Since the alkaloids won’t reach a stable concentration in the brain, spreading the doses in this manner means that it will be less likely for the development of tolerance.
Where and How to Store Kratom
Kratom is a resilient plant; nonetheless, you should create an ideal storage environment for it. Kratom’s active ingredient mitragynine compounds can transform gradually into a compound called mitragynine pseudoindoxyl that has minimal or no pain killing effects and may even act as an opiate antagonist.
To keep it safe, here is how you should store your Kratom extract:
For daily users—to keep its potency and effectiveness, ensure that the powder is stored in a cool environment free from ultraviolet light, oxygen, and humidity. You can keep the herb in any cupboard as long as the bag remains sealed.
Saving for later—if you are saving 5-10 extra kilos for later or for rainy days, storing Kratom in the cabinet isn’t the perfect storage strategy.
To store large piles of Kratom, place the herb in small plastic bags it is wise to place a small one or two day supply in every bag. This will allow you to use one bag and the remaining powder can stay in airtight, cold storage for optimal freshness.
Whenever, you open the small bag, ensure that you remove all of the air by pushing it out and carefully sealing the bag. Once sealed, place them in a plastic container or tin so no light will get to the Kratom powder.
To freeze or not to freeze?
Some people prefer brewing the Kratom herb and storing it in a freezer. The pre-brewed herb can last from 5-7 days in the refrigerator before it starts going bad. If you want to pre-brew your Kratom, you should brew it; pour what you need to store in a sealed plastic container (don’t use a drinking cup or a glass bowl, a water bottle will do). Remember to leave about 1/5 of the bottle space for contraction or expansion of the plastic and liquid inside.
People from all over the world are today enjoying the myriad benefits of Kratom. People who fight opiate addiction and the withdrawal symptoms have nice words to say about kratom.
It is wise that you research which vein of Kratom or combination that will work best for you by evaluating the symptoms you want to alleviate, the mood you want to attain, and then match the leaf color and balance it by mixing the strains.
Also, find out how you can adopt the various strategies that will keep your tolerance levels down.
Last but not least, check out the best place to buy kratom so you get the quality you deserve.